JULIA ANN CHARPENTIER is a freelance writer, a fiction editor, and a book critic. She holds a Master of Arts in the Humanities from California State University, where she studied creative writing and literature. Her eclectic work appears in trade and consumer periodicals. She has exceeded two hundred forty article credits, including reprints, and surpassed five hundred reviews, as well as edited more than sixty-five manuscripts. Jack London: An American Writer (1876-1916), an essay collection, is her eighth release from DiskUs Publishing.